The word “sustainable” comes from the word “sustain” which means to maintain, support, or to endure. Sustainable agriculture is based on three principles - economy, environment and community. A sustainable agriculture must provide a fair and reasonably secure living for farm families with minimum harm to the natural environment. It should maintain basic natural resources such as healthy soil, clean water, and clean air.
Sindhanur is one of the Big and fully irrigated area and most of the farmers involved in paddy growing, and most of the farmers are involved in un scientific method agriculture method they are using more Fertilizers and Feticides and the cost of the production is around Rs 50000-00 to 60000-00 per acer and the did not getting the more benefit from the Agriculture. So organization planed to move the very scientific and using of new technology in the agriculture activity. And aim to achieve the 25200 farmers doubling the income within the Syears of project period.
Modern agriculture is heavily dependent on non-renewable energy sources, especially petroleum. In sustainable agriculture systems, there is reduced reliance on non-renewable energy sources and a substitution of renewable sources or labour to the extent that is economically feasible.
Many agriculture activities affect air quality. These include smoke from agricultural burning; dust from village, traffic and harvest; pesticide drift from spraying; and nitrous oxide emissions from the use of nitrogen fertilizer. Options to improve air quality include incorporating crop residue into the soil, using appropriate levels of village, and planting wind breaks, cover or strips of native perennial grasses to reduce dust.